With so many types of birth control out there, it can be difficult to make the right decision. While there are numerous effective options that prevent pregnancy and put control over conception into your hand, one type might be more suitable for your lifestyle and needs. This guide discusses a few common versions to help you make a good decision.
4 Forms of Contraception and How They Work1. Pills
Pills contain one or more hormones to prevent contraception. Some pills contain both estrogen and progestin, while others only contain progestin. These hormones stop ovulation, which prevents eggs from being released. They also cause cervical mucus to become thicker to physically block sperm. While highly effective, pills must be taken once daily according to your gynecologist’s instructions to be as effective as possible.
2. Intrauterine Devices (IUD)
These small, plastic, T-shaped devices are inserted directly into the uterus. Some versions use hormones to prevent conception, while others are wrapped in copper, which repels sperm. Hormonal IUDs can last from three to seven years, while copper ones can last up to 12 years. Additionally, copper IUDs are also used as an effective form of emergency contraception.
Birth control shots contain the hormone progestin and work similarly to other types of hormonal birth control. Shots are typically provided by gynecologists once every three months, or four times per year. Shots must be provided on time to be as effective as possible. Accordingly, doctors recommend using another form of contraception for the first week after getting a new shot if it’s been more than 15 weeks from the last one.
Another form of hormonal contraception is a small rod that is inserted into your arm via needle to steadily release hormones. The rod remains active for three to five years, at which point it can either be removed or replaced. This is a great option if you want a long-term, highly effective form of hormonal contraception.
When you’re in search of birth control in Rochester, NY, Greece OB-GYN, LLP can help you find the perfect option. These kind and caring gynecologists have served local women since 1963 and help patients at every phase of their lives. In addition to contraception, they also offer STD testing, obstetrical care, and more. Schedule an appointment by calling (585) 225-6680, and be sure to ask about their evening hours. You can also visit them online for a complete list of medical services.