Fibroids are known by many names, including myomas and fibromas. Whatever name you associate with these abnormal growths within the uterus, you may be seeking more information about what causes them and what to do about them. This condition is treatable, and learning more about it can give you a better understanding of how to proceed with a gynecologist if you suspect you have it. 

What Causes Them?

Though the cause of fibroids is undetermined, studies suggest there may be a relationship between the condition and hormones that help the body prepare the uterine lining each month. Genetic changes may also be responsible, as some fibroids were found to have genes that were atypical of other uterine muscle cells.

Some people with uterine fibroids won’t have any symptoms, while others experience a variety of them. This will depend on the size and location of a fibroid(s). For example, some fibroids are microscopic and don’t pose any problems, while others grow large enough to misshape the uterus. This may impact an individual’s chances of developing symptoms such as pelvic pain, difficulty emptying the bowels or bladder, or menstrual bleeding.

What Types Are There? gynecologist

All types of fibroids are non-cancerous. Most commonly, people with uteruses may develop what are called intramural fibroids on the organ’s muscular wall. It’s possible for them to grow beyond the womb if they get large enough. Sometimes, these fibroids are attached by a stem. In this case, they would be classified under the pedunculated category. A less common type of fibroid is known as submucosal. It’s associated with growths located within the uterine cavity. These fibroids can cause a number of issues, including some related to conception. 

Pedunculated fibroids can actually cause your womb to appear lopsided. This is because they latch on to the outside of the uterus and may become big enough to alter the shape of the womb so one side is bigger. A gynecologist may observe this during your exam, which will help them as they work to diagnose your condition. 

What Treatment Options Are Available?

Currently, there is no scientifically proven way to prevent fibroids. But luckily, these growths may not cause symptoms or require removal. If they do, there are treatment options available. Conservative options include medications that work to shrink growths. More invasive measures, like surgery, may be reserved for especially large or numerous fibroids. 


A gynecologist can determine whether you have uterine fibroids so you can receive the treatment you need. Greece OB-GYN, LLP in Rochester, NY, wants to help you achieve a better quality of life by addressing the root cause of your symptoms. You can learn more about their new female doctor on staff, Zoila Velastegui, by visiting their website. Dr. Velastegui is accepting new patients, so call (585) 225-6680 to schedule a first-time appointment today. They offer evening hours, so you can fit these important health checks into your schedule.



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